What is Mesothelioma?
Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that affects the mesothelioma. mesothelial cells make up the tissue that covers the lungs and the organs inside the abdomen. there are more than 2600 new cases of mesothelioma each year in the UK alone 9 out of 10 cases of mesothelioma are thought to be caused by exposure to asbestos. asbestos is a natural mineral which was still widely used in construction until the 1990s .asbestos consists of tiny fibers which when breezed in can work their way into and irritate the lung pleura.
As a consequence of this gene mutation in the normal healthy mesothelial cells can occur resulting information and growth of cancer .around 3 & 4 cases of mesothelioma begin in the chest and the two protective sheets of tissue that cover the lungs. these sheets are called the pleura and so this type of cancer is called pleural mesothelioma.
In pleural mesothelioma, the layers of the pleura thicken and press inwards on the lungs in some cases fluid can also collect between the layers. this can cause shortness of breath chest pains sometimes severe a long-lasting cough and tiredness. around 1 in 4 cases of mesothelioma occur in their abdomen. in the sheet of tissue that covers the internal organs this tissue is called the peritoneum and so this form of the cancer is called peritoneal mesothelioma.
It is believed that peritoneal mesothelioma occurs when some of the asbestos fibers that are breathed in a coughed up swallowed will come into contact with the abdomen. mesothelioma may not develop for 15 to 60 years after contact with asbestos. which is why cases have increased in recent years it is estimated that there will be 50,000 to 60,000 more cases in the UK by 2050.
Symptoms of Mesothelioma –
How to recognize mesothelioma symptoms- mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive form of cancer that affects the thin layer of tissue that surrounds the organs known as the mesothelium. perform a self-exam with these guidelines to recognize this disease. you will need recognition of symptoms an appointment with your doctor and treatment.
Evaluate your stage of risk mesothelioma generally presents symptoms in people who have been exposed to asbestos over long periods of time. be conscious that mesothelioma symptom may not appear until 30 to 50 years after the exposure.
Know the two types of mesothelioma- pleural malignant mesothelioma affects the tissue around the lungs known as the pleura rarer forms of mesothelioma affect the tissue around the heart abdomen and testicles.
Take perceive of chest pain coughing that is hurting shortness of breath abnormal lumps of tissue under the skin on your chest and unexplained weight loss as these may be symptoms of pleural mesothelioma.
Notice any abdominal pain swelling unexplained weight loss and lumps under the skin of your abdomen that could indicate peritoneal mesothelioma.
Make sure for bowel obstruction or blood clotting issues as these are common symptoms.
Make an appointment with a doctor and bring a list of your symptoms and any medications you are taking the doctor will take a biopsy of your tissue and test it to identify Mesothelioma.
Find treatment for many there is no heal for mesothelioma surgery can be done to take away tissue cancer or fluids around the lungs. Radiation chemotherapy and drugs are used to treat cancer and lower the pain to help keep the patient as comfortable as possible did you know on average our lungs breathe in 2,100 to 2,400 gallons of air every day.
How is Mesothelioma Diagnosed?
Establishing the diagnosis of mesothelioma can be difficult. Often people talk about doing a needle biopsy or taking the fluid and sometimes the diagnosis can be established like that often. It requires an actual tissue biopsy and again because it is such rare cancer.
It’s common for the diagnosis to either not is established the first time or to be the wrong diagnosis. Because it can look like other diseases especially lung cancer that’s spread inside the chest cavity that is much more common.
So it is it’s important that the pathology is reviewed by a pathologist and a center where there are knowledge and experience in looking at this cancer. There are basically three subtypes of cancer although mesothelioma is cancer that starts in a lie in the chest cavity.
It comes in three different varieties
1.) Basically one is the so-called epithelial subtype which is the most common.
2.) There’s another one that’s called the sarcoma – subtype
3.) Then there’s one cleverly called mixed which has elements of both the epithelial subtype which is the most common is the one that is most amenable to surgical intervention.
The other two subtypes the ones that have the sarcoma does elements either pure or in combination are mixed. But it is important to know how much of the sarcoma does elements are there because there are in fact investigational trials clinical trials that are open for patients with mixed subtypes of cancer.
But only if it’s a 50% or less so again having the pathology reviewed at a center of excellence. where they have an experience, where the pathologists have experienced looking at cancer, is very important because everything hinges on what that diagnosis is.
The standard treatment is basically combination chemotherapy beyond that everything is essentially considered investigational and there are what we call immunotherapies .where you try and take the body’s own immune system to attack cancer.
It’s the way cancers become cancer cells get out of control they fly under the radar screen of the immune system and they can grow and get out of control. so there are these immunotherapies which are directed trying to get cancer to the immune system . the body to attack cancer and then you take a big jump in a level of aggressiveness.
When you start talking about using surgery to get release cancers can be enormous and in volume they can reach maybe two liters. the average ones that will operate on our 600 to 800 milliliters. so you know a liter bottle of Pepsi about that size that much is all cancer they can be enormous to send one spot. you have to again it’s yeah it’s a hard cancer to wrap your head around.
People think about cancer is sort of a lump sitting in the middle of an organ surrounded by normal tissue this cancer. so somebody poured it into the chest cavity and it coats all the surfaces. so the SAC around the heart the diaphragm your breathing muscle the chest wall with the ribs the lung everything is coated and involved with cancer. so to operate on is a technically challenging proposition.
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